Essay No. 01
Our President Shri Abul Pakir Jainulabddin Kalam
In the Pilgrimage town of Rameshwaram in Tamil Nadu, Shri A.P.J. Abdul Kalam was born on Oct. 15, 1931 in a middle class Tamil Family. He received his primary education in a local school. His father was not a formally educated man. But he could read and write English. His mother was a kind and generous lady. His parents inspired him to achieve his highest aim of life, Moreover he was also influenced by Shri Lakshman shastri, the head priest of Rameshwaram temple and Shri Shiv Subramanya Aiyer, his science teacher.
After finishing his primary education he was sent to Schwartz school for further studies. After finishing his school education he was sent to St. Joseph’s College at Trichirapalli for higher education.
He passed his B.Sc from their college. Then he joined Aeronautical Engineering at Madras Institute of Technology. In 1958, A.P.J. Abdul Kalam joined the directorate of Technical Development and Production in Minister of Defense. He got fame and name will S.L.V.-3 project at the Indian Space and Research Organization. He had a strong determination to make India a strong and rich nation. Kalam himself has noted four mile stones in his career. The year at ISRO. When Agni missile met its mission requirements in 1994. The nuclear tests which made feel proud as arm Indian and when he made light weight calipers for children at the orthopedic centre at the Nizam Institute of Medical Science in Hyderabad. The man who led the nuclear weaponization programmed and believed only strength respects strength. He is now popularly known as Indian’s Missile Man’ a technology.
Dr. Kalam was awarded Padam Bhushan in 1931 and in 1990 he was honored with Padam Vibhushan. The highest civilian honor of Bharat Ratnas was conferred on him in 1994. He has been elected as the President of Indian Republic and is known for his simplicity and beginners. He is strict vegetarian, teetotaler and is a bachelor. He hexes full authority to quite for Kuran and the Bhagwad Gita. He wants India to become a leading developed nation in the years to come.
President A.P.J. Abdul Kalam
The 12th President of India. Dr. Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam, was born on October 15, 1931 at Dhanushkothi in the temple town Rameshwaram in Tamil Nadu.
He was born in the poor family of a boat maker. But he was an exceptionally brilliant child. He became the first graduate in the large family when he passed the B.Sc. examination from Saint Joseph College, Thiruchirapalli.
The Madras Institute of technology had newly been established in those days. He joined it and thus his whole course of life was changed.
He was not interested in going abroad. He wanted to serve his motherland first. As such before becoming President of India. He went abroad only once. That was his visit to NASA in the USA. He says that he thinks his first and foremost duty is to serve his motherland.
His further knowledge in the field got upgraded when he joined Defence Research and Development Organization (DRDO) in 1963. Today, he is known as the Missile Man of India. The various Indian Missiles of world order like Prithvi, Trishul, Akash, Agni, etc. are mainly the result of his efforts and caliber.
He is mainly interested in work. He is a bachelor. He is fond of music and the Koran and the gait. He is a great lover of people, children in particular. Ever since becoming the head of the Indian State. He has been having interaction with children all over the country. May he live long!
Essay No. 03
Missile Man of Indian Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam
`Dreams float on an impatient wind,
A wind that wants to create a new order.
An order of strength and thundering of fire.’
— Dr A.P.J. Abdul Kalam
It was quite a long journey from remote Rameshwaram Island in Tamil Nadu to New Delhi’s imposing Rashtrapati Bhawan. For the President, Dr. Abdul Kalam. Dr. Kalam was born in simple tamil family on 15th october, 1931. His father name was Jainulabdeen, and his mother name was Aasyama. Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam studied at Schwartz High School in Ramanathapuram, where he was fortunate to study under some inspiring teachers that he remembers to this day with gratitude. He completed his B.Sc. degree at St Joseph’s College, Tiruchirapalli. It was here when his interest in engineering soared and he enrolled for a course in Aeronautical Engineering at the Madras Institute of Technology from 1954 to 1957. Then he joined Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) as a trainee in 1958.
Later Kalam joined Directorate of Technical Development and Production (DTD&P) as Senior Scientific Assistant. Then he was transferred to the Aircraft and Armament Testing Unit (A&ATU) at Kanpur to get shop-floor exposure to aircraft maintenance. Three years later, the Aeronautical Development Establishment (ADE) was set up in Bangalore and he was posted there.
At ADE, Kalam worked as a senior scientific assistant, heading a small team. His team developed a prototype hovercraft. Despite the then, Defence Minister V K Krishna Menon’s interest in the project, it remained incomplete. In 1962, he joined Indian Committee for Space Research (INCOSPAR), a fledgling Indian space institute, which would later be renamed as Indian Space
Research Organisation (ISRO). Soon he was given posting at newly established Thumba Equatorial Earth Launching Station (TERLS) in the vicinity of Thiruvananthapuram. Here Kalam initiated Fibre Reinforced Plastics (FRP) activities, then, after a stint with the aerodynamics and design group, he joined the satellite launch vehicle team at Thumba, near Trivandrum and soon became Project Director for SLV-3. During the tenure, the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) started developing its own indigenous surface-to-air missile, project to which Kalam was shifted in 1975, as a rocket specialist to assess the progress made in aerodynamics, structure, design and propulsion of the missile. Three goals are set for the SLV project, firstly development and flight qualification of all subsystems through sounding rockets by 1975, secondly sub-orbital flights by 1976 and finally orbital flight in 1978. After years of dedicated effort by Dr. Kalam and his team, the first 23-metre, 17-ton, 4 stage SLV was ready for launch, but it failed.
The team undeterred by the failure went ahead, and on July 18, 1980, India’s first Satellite Launch Vehicle, SLV-3, successfully lifted off from SHAR. Amidst widespread acclaim, the team set itself new goals, including development of Augmented Satellite Launch Vehicles (ASLVs). The year 1981 saw the launch of the next SLV-3, SLV-D. With the launch of SLV-3 India became the fifth country to achieve satellite launch capability.
In February 1982, Dr. Kalam was appointed as Director, DRDL. Kalam was entrusted with the development of Integrated Guided Missile Development Programme (IGMDP), India’s most successful military research programme. The programme comprises five major projects for establishing missile re-entry technology. These five projects scheduled for completion in 10 years comprises development of Prithvi, Trishul, Agni, Nag and Akash
On September 16, 1985, the first phase of the Missile Programme was conducted, when Trishul blasted off from the test range at Sriharikota. An even greater one, the successful testing of Agni in 1989, followed this achievement. He was later honoured by pad Vibhushan in 1990, the year that also saw the successful test firing of Akash. The establishment of the Research Centre inla (RCI), a campus 8 km from DRDL, in 1988 was perhaps the rrinra,t, satisfying achievement for Kalam during the missile years.
The Missile Council declared 1991, the year of Initiative for DRDL. In recognition for his great contribution to Indian Defence he was awarded the Bharat Ratna in 1997. Soon after the nude: tests of 1998, Kalam was nominated Principal Scientific Advisor to the Government of India with the rank of a Union Cabinet Minister in November 1999, a position he held till November 2001 On December 8, 2000, the Deputy Chairman of Planning Commission, Shri K.C. Pant conferred the ‘Lifetime Contribution Award. Since then he has been teaching at the Anna University. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam took oath as President of India on July, 25 2002. Nowadays he is Fellow of Indian National Academy of Engineering, Fellow of Indian Academy of Sciences, Bangalore, Vice-President of Astronautical Society of India, Fellow of National Academy of Medical Sciences (India), Honorary Fellow of Institution of Electronics and Telecommunication Engineers and an !SRO Distinguished Professor.
He wrote three books very famous books, Ignited Minds, Wings of Fire and India 2020 a vision of the New Millennium. The Wings of Fire is an autobiography of Kalam wherein he describes the story of his rise from obscurity and his personal and professional struggles. Dr. Kalam has spent the past few years developing the concept of India 2020: a Vision of the New Millennium – a blueprint for transforming India into a developed, nation by the year 2020. He calls it ‘the second vision of the nation.n and says he wants to focus on the children of India to create their minds a love for science and the nation’s mission- a developed India. What remains to be seen is whether Kalam, who has my to to keep a perfect balance between the limelight and shadosu; remaining backstage through his stints as scientist until todtasYie_nis now represent India the wining smile and halo of genius that e to hover over him.
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'डा० अब्दुल कलाम' का जन्म 15 अक्टूबर 1931 ई० को भारत के तमिलनाडु राज्य के रामेश्वरम में हुआ था। इनका पूरा नाम डा० अबुल पकीर जैनुलाबदीन अब्दुल कलाम है। इनके पिता श्री जैनुलाबदीन मध्यमवर्गीय परिवार के थे। कलाम ने अपने पिता से ईमानदारी, आत्मानुशासन की विरासत पाई और माता से ईश्वर-विश्वास तथा करुणा का उपहार लिया।
कलाम ने 1950 में तिरुचिरापल्ली के सेंट जोसेफ कॉलेज से बी० एस० सी० की परीक्षा उत्तीर्ण की। उन्होंने मद्रास इंस्टीटयूट ऑफ़ टेक्नोलोजी से एरोनोटिकल इंजीनियरिंग में उपाधि प्राप्त की। 1958 ई० में कलाम डी० टी० डी० एंड पी० में तकनीकी केंद्र में वरिष्ठ वैज्ञानिक सहायक के पद पर नियुक्त हुए। 1963 से 1982 ई० तक कलाम ने अन्तरिक्ष अनुसंधान समिति में विभिन्न पदों पर काम किया।
सन 1981 के गणतंत्र दिवस के शुभ अवसर पर डा० कलाम को 'पद्म भूषण' से सम्मानित किया गया। भारत सरकार द्वारा 1990 ई० में इन्हें 'पद्म विभूषण' और 1997 ई० में भारत के सर्वोच्च नागरिक सम्मान 'भारत रत्न' से सम्मानित किया गया। 25 जुलाई 2002 को डा० कलाम ने भारत के राष्ट्रपति के रूप में शपथ ली। कलाम 'मिसाइल मैन' के नाम से प्रसिद्द हैं।
सोमवार दिनांक 27 जुलाई 2015 की शाम मेघालय की राजधानी शिलांग में हृदयाघात होने से डॉ कलाम का देहान्त हो गया। वे भारतीय प्रबन्ध संस्थान में एक लैक्चर दे रहे थे कि अचानक बेहोश हो गए। पूर्व राष्ट्रपति डॉ. कलाम का अन्तिम संस्कार पूरे सैन्य सम्मान के साथ गुरूवार, 30 जुलाई, 2015 को सुबह 11 बजे तमिलनाडु के रामेश्वरम नगर में किया गया।
डा० अब्दुल कलाम एक महान वैज्ञानिक होने के साथ-साथ गंभीर चिंतक और अच्छे इंसान भी थे। बाल-शिक्षा में विशेष रूचि रखने वाले कलाम को वीणा बजाने का भी शौक था। राजनीति से दूर रहकर भी कलाम राजनीति के सर्वोच्च शिखर पर विराजमान रहे।
[Updated on 01.08.2015]