Technology and its implications are an ongoing process. There are typically four stages of evolution in the life cycle of a technology.
This stage represents the origin of a fresh product, material or processresulting from '() activities. n '() laboratories, new ideas are generateddepending on gaining needs
=us>4 Briefly e?plain any four ualitative technology transfer models.(nswer>
There are several *ualitative technology transfer models. +ome of the *ualitativemodels are as follows- The $ar/akay model This model is based on a pro0ect management approach, wherein the process of technology transfer is divided into four stageso +earch
=us>" a. +?plain the different steps of +nvironmental 0mpact (nalysis +0(5 process.b. Ahat are the various issues in the preparation of +0( &eport(nswer>
1nvironmental impact analysis or assessment is an activity to identify, predict,interpret, and supply information about the impact of an industrial or technologyrelatedactivity on human health and wellbeing. The following are the 12 process steps3.1xamination of environmental resources This is the first step where fast examinationof the basic
=us>9 efine 0nnovation. +?plain different types of 0nnovation. Briefly e?plain thee?ternal and internal factors which influence innovation.(nswer>
The importance of new technologies and innovations for competitiveness andgrowth is most important among managers, policy makers, and researchers. 4owever, not allnew technologies and innovations are successful. Given the various technologicalopportunities and types of innovations from which organizations can potentially choose, it isdesirable to
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b )mportance of Aeading
.&efinition of 'eading ($planation of the importance of 'eading
: a) 'eading can !e defined as the process of setting direction, creating alignment, and creatingengagement to deliver high productivity and to facilitate change. &irecting can !e defined as the process !y which the managers instruct, guide, and oversee the performance of the wor"ers to achieve predetermined goals. It
&&)G*5*7 &57-2! %efine the term ontrolling >hat are the prereCuisites of effective control
&efinition of controlling*re+reuisites of effective control
: -ontrolling can !e defined as measuring and correcting of performance to achieve theorganisational goals. According to rech, “-ontrolling is a systematic e$ercise which is called as a process of chec"ing actual performance against the standards or plans with a view to ensure adeuate progress and also recording such e$perience as is gained as a contri!ution to possi!le future needs.”According to &onnell, “/ust as a navigator continually ta"es reading to ensure whether he is relative to a planned action
2 5:plain the components and functions of attitude.
($planation of the components of attitude ($planation of the functions of attitude
omponents of attitude
It is the mental process involved in gaining "nowledge and comprehension, includingthin"ing, "nowing, remem!ering, 0udging and pro!lem solving. The cognition component of an attitudereflects a person1s perceptions or !eliefs. -ognitive elements are evaluative !eliefs and are measured !yattitude scales or !y as"ing a!out thoughts.
ffect. 3 %efine leadership. >rite a brief note on ;ontingency 7heories of Aeadership<.
&efinition of leadership -ontingency Theories of 'eadership
: A simple
definition of leadership
is that leadership is the art of motivating a group of people toact towards achieving a common goal. This definition of leadership captures the leadership essentials of inspiration and preparation. (ffective leadership is !ased upon ideas !ut won2t happen unless those ideascan !e